A Mystery Unsolved in the Peruvian Desert

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A Mystery Unsolved in the Peruvian Desert

by Enigma Life
Legends Nazca Valley Inca Valley Peru History

Peru is famous for the diversity of its landscape. Some of the most important cities and towns that make the country exist in a large variety of conditions. There are beaches, mountains, deserts, jungle, and a rich culture tied to each. The history of the country dates back to the prehispanic era, where the land was known by conquistadors for having riches unknown to European cultures. 

Just 200 miles south of the Peruvian capital of Lima lies one of the greatest mysteries in its history. Between the Inca and Nazca Valleys in an area 37 miles long are an assortment of lines that form biomorphs and geoglyphs. The figures made by these lines, which include a variety of animals, are so large that the best way to see them is from above. 

Much is still speculated about the lines. The biomorphs are believed to be about 400-500 years older than the geoglyphs, although the geoglyphs greatly outnumber the biomorphs. Neither was discovered until they were spotted by an aircraft surveying for water in the 1930s. Many have debated whether the lines were created with or without aerial supervision, a feat which would've been greatly complicated for the ancient peoples.

The greatest debate is regarding what the lines mean, or why they were placed there. Some believe that they were made in an attempt to communicate with extraterrestrial lifeforms. American explorer Paul Kosok suspected they were plotted according to their astronomical significance, acting as a way to study space on land. The most popular theory, belonging to English explorer Tony Morrison, was that the lines served as a pattern used in religious ceremonies, in which believers would move to meditate and pray.

A final theory relates to the aqueducts in the area. Built in order to maintain life and civilization in the desert region, the system of aqueducts connects to some of the lines. While some believe that the lines may be a map of the system that exists below-ground, a cultural anthropologist with the National Geographic Society believed that the lines existed as part of a ceremonial dance for rain.